What is skin cancer?

Skin cancer is the most common cancer diagnosed in Australia and New Zealand.

Skin cancer occurs when skin cells change into abnormal cells and grow at an uncontrolled rate.

There are two main types of skin cancer: melanoma and non-melanoma skin cancer.

The number of melanoma and non-melanoma skin cancer cases is increasing worldwide.

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What is melanoma?

Melanoma is a type of skin cancer coming from the cells that produce pigment - called melanocytes.

Melanoma is linked to sun exposure, but it can also occur in areas of the body that aren’t often exposed to sun. Rarely, it occurs on the skin lining the nose, mouth and genitals.

When melanoma cancer cells grow, a lesion on the skin appears and it is often, though not always, brown or black in colour.

Melanoma can spread to other parts of the body, including the lymph nodes (glands), bone, lung, liver and brain. When cancer spreads it is known as ‘metastatic’ or secondary cancer.

What are non-melanoma skin cancers?

Non-melanoma skin cancers develop from cells in the upper layers of the skin. The two most common types of non-melanoma skin cancer are squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) and basal cell carcinoma (BCC).

Non-melanoma skin cancer can occur anywhere on the skin, though it’s most commonly found on parts of the body that have experienced long-term sun exposure - like the head, face, neck, arms, and legs and back of the hands.

What are basal cell carcinomas?

Basal cell carcinomas are usually localised but can become aggressive and spread to nearby areas.

Basal cell carcinomas rarely spread to lymph nodes or other sites in the body.

What are squamous cell carcinomas?

Squamous cell carcinomas are usually localised but can become aggressive and spread to nearby areas.

Some high-risk squamous cell carcinomas have the potential to spread to lymph nodes or distant sites in the body.

HELP AND SUPPORT
We want to make your experience easier

Hearing the words 'you have cancer' isn't easy. We know coming to terms with your cancer diagnosis can be hugely challenging for you - as well as for your friends and family.
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FAQ
Find answers to Frequently Asked Questions about Radiation Therapy cancer treatment
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OUR APPROACH TO YOUR CARE
At GenesisCare, we believe in taking care of you, not just treating your cancer.

Our team of specialist doctors and health professionals are committed to supporting you at all stages of your cancer experience.
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WELLNESS PROGRAMS
At GenesisCare, we are committed to providing increased support to you through every step of your treatment.

Our vision is to deliver world class, person-centred cancer care that is close to home. We recognise that ‘treating the person as a whole’, and not just the tumour is of paramount importance
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SUPPORTING A LOVED ONE
When people with cancer undergo treatments, the focus is on them and their needs. Yet cancer often affects more than just one person. In many cases, it’s the entire family, and especially the caregivers – who are also significantly impacted by the experience.
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LIFE AFTER CANCER
After your final treatment, please call or drop in to see your care team at any time if you have concerns, questions, or just want to say Hi!

Some of our patients shared the following sentiments about their life after cancer...
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WHAT IS RADIATION THERAPY?
Radiation therapy uses radiation to kill or damage cancerous (abnormal) cells and stop them from growing and multiplying.

It is one of the best-established, most effective and well tolerated therapies for treating almost all cancers, extending lives, and reducing suffering.
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  • HELP AND SUPPORT Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit.
  • FAQ Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit.
  • OUR APPROACH TO YOUR CARE Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit.
  • WELLNESS PROGRAMS Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit.
  • SUPPORTING A LOVED ONE Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit.
  • LIFE AFTER CANCER
  • WHAT IS RADIATION THERAPY?